A Guide to Designing an Efficient & Safe Commercial Kitchen

Commercial Kitchen

As the heart of any restaurant, the commercial kitchen is where the magic happens. It is where the food is prepared, cooked, and plated before being served to customers. 

However, designing a commercial kitchen is not an easy task. It requires careful planning and meticulous attention to detail to ensure that the space is efficient, safe, and compliant with regulations. 

The fundamental components of designing an effective and secure commercial kitchen will be covered in this guide.

Layout and Design

A commercial kitchen’s organisation and style are very important for its effectiveness and security. The first step in designing a commercial kitchen is to determine the workflow, which includes the order in which food is prepared and cooked. 

This will help to determine the placement of equipment and workstations. The layout should also take into account the size of the kitchen, the number of employees, and the type of cuisine being served.

A common layout for a commercial kitchen is the island layout, where the cooking equipment is positioned in the centre of the kitchen, and workstations surround it. This layout allows for easy movement of employees and efficient use of space. 

Another popular layout is the assembly line layout, where each employee is responsible for a specific task in the food preparation process. This layout is commonly used in fast-food restaurants and other establishments that require quick service.

Equipment and Appliances

The equipment and appliances used in a commercial kitchen are essential to its efficiency and safety. Consider the type and quantity of food to be prepared when selecting equipment. Additionally, the budget and available space must be taken into account.

The common types of equipment found in a commercial kitchen include ranges, ovens, grills, fryers, steamers, and refrigeration units. Each piece of equipment should be selected based on its efficiency, durability, and safety features. 

For example, a range with a built-in hood and ventilation system can help to reduce the risk of fires and improve air quality in the kitchen.

Safety and Sanitation

Safety and sanitation are critical factors in any commercial kitchen. The kitchen should be designed to minimise the risk of accidents and injuries. 

This includes ensuring that there is adequate lighting, non-slip flooring, and clear pathways for employees to move around the kitchen. It is also essential to have fire suppression systems, emergency exits, and first aid kits readily available.

Sanitation is equally important in a commercial kitchen. The kitchen should be designed to facilitate easy cleaning and disinfecting. 

This includes using materials that can withstand frequent cleanings, such as stainless steel for countertops and flooring. Employees should also be trained on proper sanitation practices, including hand washing, food handling, and proper storage of food.

Compliance with Regulations

To guarantee that a commercial kitchen is both safe and effective, it must adhere to a number of requirements. These regulations include building codes, fire codes, health codes, and zoning laws. 

Consult with a professional designer or architect who is familiar with these regulations to ensure that the kitchen is compliant.

In addition to complying with regulations, the kitchen should also be designed to accommodate people with disabilities. This includes providing wheelchair accessibility, as well as ensuring that the height of counters and workstations is appropriate for employees with different abilities.


Designing an efficient and safe commercial kitchen requires careful planning and attention to detail. By following these guidelines, a commercial kitchen can be designed to provide a safe, efficient, and enjoyable work environment for employees while delivering delicious food to customers.

Are you in need of commercial kitchen design services? ABM Catering for Leisure has you covered! Our comprehensive service covers everything from design and specification to supply and installation of catering equipment, bar fixtures, and contract furniture for the catering, leisure, and licensed trade industries. 

Our team can help you design a functional and efficient kitchen space that meets all of your business needs. Contact us today to learn more!

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